What is the Census? The census is a count of the population of the United States including all 50 state, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the Island Areas. The U.S. Constitution (Article I, Section 2) mandates a headcount of everyone residing in the United State. The first Census was conducted in 1790 and has been carried out every 10 years since then.
Why We Take a Census The population totals determine each state’s Congressional representation. The numbers also affect funding in your community and help inform decision makers about how your community is changing. The next census will be held on April 1, 2010.
U.S. Census Bureau The U.S. Census Bureau is the government agency that manages the large task of counting every person living in the U.S. on the day of the U.S. Census. The Census Bureau must count everyone and submit state population totals to the U.S. President by December 31 in the year the census is taken.